Exercise Guidelines for the Diabetic
If you have type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), regular exercise and physical activity can help you control your blood glucose levels as well as improve cardiovascular health and reduce abdominal fat. The appropriate exercise prescription for a diabetic includes several key components: conditioning (aerobic-based exercise), strengthening, balance, and flexibility.
Blood Sugar Goals
The following values are a comparison of target blood glucose levels for diabetics and non-diabetics:
| Target Glucose Levels
|Before Meals (Fasting)
|1-2 hours After Meals
||<140 mg dL
ADA – American Diabetes Association
ACE – American College of Endocrinology
- If your HbA1c value is 7%, your blood glucose levels probably ranged from 123-185 mg/dL over the previous two to three months. This translates to an average blood glucose level of 154 mg/dL.
- If your HbA1c value is 6.5%, your blood sugar probably ranged from 112-169 mg/dL over the previous two to three months or an average level of 140 mg/dL.
Maintain an Exercise and Blood Glucose Log
Glucose response to exercise can fluctuate unpredictably with each exercise session just by changing exercise modes or by varying the duration or intensity of a session. By keeping a daily glucose exercise log, you can better understand how your body responds and adapts to exercise. Continue reading
Due to an increasing prevalence of obesity and sedentary lifestyles, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has become an epidemic. This common form of diabetes parallels with obesity and has increased significantly over the past 30 years. The United States accounted for $198 billion spent on diabetes in 2010 which is 53% of total diabetes spending worldwide.
Exercising with Diabetes
Studies show that exercise is an effective prescription for managing type 2 diabetes, whereas your risk of diabetes increases with sedentary behaviors (e.g., prolonged TV watching, sitting at work and other sitting like reading and eating meals). But it’s important to know that exercise has an acute and chronic effect on the disease.
Diabetes requires close monitoring of your glucose, insulin and diet. It’s necessary to be particularly diligent when you plan to exercise or engage in any physical activity. When you have diabetes, you’re unable to metabolize glucose normally. Glucose (blood sugar) comes from the foods you eat and is your body’s most important source of energy and nutrients — especially during exercise. It’s needed by all your cells and organs, such as your brain and muscles. Continue reading
VIDEO: New research found a nutritional link that could affect type 2 diabetes — a disease that affects 24 million people and has long-term health complications. Karen Owoc, The Health Reporter, hosts this compact segment of health news in The Health Reporter Minute. Writer/Producer: Karen Owoc.